Nov 10, 2018

Complete list of FORMAT control characters supported by date command in Linux

Complete list of FORMAT control characters supported by date command in Linux

FORMAT controls the output.It can be the combination of any one of the following:

%%

a literal %
%a

locale's abbreviated weekday name (e.g., Sun)
%A
locale's full weekday name (e.g., Sunday)
%b

locale's abbreviated month name (e.g., Jan)
%B

locale's full month name (e.g., January)
%c

locale's date and time (e.g., Thu Mar 3 23:05:25 2005)
%C

century; like %Y, except omit last two digits (e.g., 21)
%d

day of month (e.g, 01)
%D
date; same as %m/%d/%y
%e

day of month, space padded; same as %_d
%F

full date; same as %Y-%m-%d
%g

last two digits of year of ISO week number (see %G)
%G

year of ISO week number (see %V); normally useful only with %V
%h

same as %b
%H
hour (00..23)
%I

hour (01..12)
%j

day of year (001..366)
%k

hour ( 0..23)
%l

hour ( 1..12)
%m

month (01..12)
%M
minute (00..59)
%n

a newline
%N

nanoseconds (000000000..999999999)
%p

locale's equivalent of either AM or PM; blank if not known
%P

like %p, but lower case
%r

locale's 12-hour clock time (e.g., 11:11:04 PM)
%R
24-hour hour and minute; same as %H:%M
%s

seconds since 1970-01-01 00:00:00 UTC
%S

second (00..60)
%t

a tab
%T

time; same as %H:%M:%S
%u

day of week (1..7); 1 is Monday
%U
week number of year, with Sunday as first day of week (00..53)
%V

ISO week number, with Monday as first day of week (01..53)
%w

day of week (0..6); 0 is Sunday
%W

week number of year, with Monday as first day of week (00..53)
%x

locale's date representation (e.g., 12/31/99)
%X

locale's time representation (e.g., 23:13:48)
%y
last two digits of year (00..99)
%Y

year
%z

+hhmm numeric timezone (e.g., -0400)
%:z

+hh:mm numeric timezone (e.g., -04:00)
%::z

+hh:mm:ss numeric time zone (e.g., -04:00:00)
%:::z

numeric time zone with : to necessary precision (e.g., -04, +05:30)
%Z

alphabetic time zone abbreviation (e.g., EDT)