Nov 10, 2018

Caching DNS Server and Forwarding DNS Server

Caching DNS Server

This type of server is also known as a resolver because it handles recursive queries and generally can handle the grunt work of tracking down DNS data from other servers.
When a caching DNS server tracks down the answer to a client's query, it returns the answer to the client. But it also stores the answer in its cache for the period of time allowed by the records' TTL value. The cache can then be used as a source for subsequent requests in order to speed up the total round-trip time.
Almost all DNS servers that you might have in your network configuration will be caching DNS servers. These make up for the lack of adequate DNS resolver libraries implemented on most client machines. A caching DNS server is a good choice for many situations. If you do not wish to rely on your ISPs DNS or other publicly available DNS servers, making your own caching server is a good choice. If it is in close physical proximity to the client machines, it is also very likely to improve the DNS query times.

Forwarding DNS Server

A forwarding DNS server will look almost identical to a caching server from a client's perspective, but the mechanisms and workload are quite different.
A forwarding DNS server offers the same advantage of maintaining a cache to improve DNS resolution times for clients. However, it actually does none of the recursive querying itself. Instead, it forwards all requests to an outside resolving server and then caches the results to use for later queries.
This lets the forwarding server respond from its cache, while not requiring it to do all of the work of recursive queries. This allows the server to only make single requests (the forwarded client request) instead of having to go through the entire recursion routine. This may be an advantage in environments where external bandwidth transfer is costly, where your caching servers might need to be changed often, or when you wish to forward local queries to one server and external queries to another server.