Nov 10, 2018

How to check Apache configuration files syntax

$ apachectl configtest
Syntax OK

Other options for the apachectl command:

start
Start the Apache httpd daemon. Gives an error if it is already running. This is equivalent to apachectl -k start.
stop
Stops the Apache httpd daemon. This is equivalent to apachectl -k stop.
restart
Restarts the Apache httpd daemon. If the daemon is not running, it is started. This command automatically checks the configuration files as in configtest before initiating the restart to make sure the daemon doesn't die. This is equivalent to apachectl -k restart.
fullstatus
Displays a full status report from mod_status. For this to work, you need to have mod_status enabled on your server and a text-based browser such as lynx available on your system. The URL used to access the status report can be set by editing the STATUSURL variable in the script.
status
Displays a brief status report. Similar to the fullstatus option, except that the list of requests currently being served is omitted.
graceful
Gracefully restarts the Apache httpd daemon. If the daemon is not running, it is started. This differs from a normal restart in that currently open connections are not aborted. A side effect is that old log files will not be closed immediately. This means that if used in a log rotation script, a substantial delay may be necessary to ensure that the old log files are closed before processing them. This command automatically checks the configuration files as in configtest before initiating the restart to make sure Apache doesn't die. This is equivalent to apachectl -k graceful.
graceful-stop
Gracefully stops the Apache httpd daemon. This differs from a normal stop in that currently open connections are not aborted. A side effect is that old log files will not be closed immediately. This is equivalent to apachectl -k graceful-stop.
configtest
Run a configuration file syntax test. It parses the configuration files and either reports Syntax Ok or detailed information about the particular syntax error. This is equivalent to apachectl -t.
The following option was available in earlier versions but has been removed.

startssl
To start httpd with SSL support, you should edit your configuration file to include the relevant directives and then use the normal apachectl start.